Tuesday, April 26, 2016

Satish Chandra Vidyabhushan

Satish Chandra Vidhyabhushan (1870 - 1920) / महामहोपाध्याय सतीशचन्द्र विद्याभूषण /  মহামহোপাধ্যায সতীশচন্দ্র বিদ্যাভূষণ also known as Mahamahopadhyaya Dr Satishchandra Vidyabhushan was a noted Brahmin Sanskrit scholar who came from a respectable family in Faridpur in Bengal (in what is today Islamic Bangladesh). He was a noted polymath, polyglot, translator of texts and one of the greatest exponenets of Nyaya or Logic of 19th century. He was fluent in Bengali, Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, English, French and German.

Personal Life of Satishchandra Vidyabhushan

Satish Chandra Vidyabhushan was born in 30th July 1870 in the village of Khalkula in Faridpur in Islamic Bangladesh. His father was reputed Vedic Pandit Pitamabar Vidyavagisa and he was the third born. His eldest brother was Vishvambar Jyotisharnava who was 12 years his senior.

In 1889 he married the youngest daughter of Gangadhar Acharya, the first Principal of Midnapore College.

He passed way on 25th April 1920.

Education


  • Satish Chandra first went to school at the young age at five and rapidly made his amrk among fellow student.
  • He stood first in the minor vernacular examination for his Division and secured a scholarship which enabled him to proceed to Nabadvip and take admission into the Hindu school.
  • He passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University in 1888 and obtained a scholarship which heked him to come to Kolkata and secure an admission in City College.
  • He passed his FA Exam and migrated to Krishnanagar College.
  • he took his BA Degree in Honors in Sanskrit in 1892.
  • In 1893 he passed his MA in Sanskrit from Calcutta Sanskrit College.
  • Satishchandra distinguisehd himself at the Sanskrit Examination in the Vidaghdha Janani Sabha of Nabadvip and received the titke of Vidyabhushana.
  • In 1893 to 1895, he studied  Sanskrit Kavya from Mahamahopadhyaya Ajitnath Nyayaratna and learnt Sanskrit Nyaya from Mahamahopadhyay Jadunath Sarvabhauma.
  • In 1897 - 1900, he learnt Tibetan under the guidance of celebrated Lama Funchong Wangdan of Lhasa.
  • In 1901, he learnt Pali from Sharmanas of Sri Lanka and Burma and cleared his MA exam in Pali.

Professional Career


  • In 1893, Satishchandra Vidyabhushan became Professor of Sankrit in a local college in Krishnanagar.
  • After a few years he edited some Pali Texts and published some papers under the auspices of Buddhist Text society.
  • For 3 years from 1897-1900 he was in Darjeeling, involved in a government project of creating a Tibetan-English dictionary.
  • In 1900, he came to Kolakata as a Professor in Sanskrit College.
  • In 1902, he was transferred to Presidency Collge as Professor of Sanskrit.
  • In 1906 the Governor General bestowed upon him the title of Mahamahopadhyay.
  • In 1908, he was awarded a PhD by Calcutta University.
  • In 1910, he became the pricipal of Sanskrit College.

Works of Satish Chandra Vidyabhushan


  • 1897 - Atma Tattva Parkasha (Bengali)
  • 1899 - Bhavabhuti and his Drama
  • 1900 - Lankavatara Sutra
  • 1901 - Kaccayana's Pali Grammar
  • 1901 - Tibetan Primer 1 (by Lama Wangdan)
  • 1902 - Tobetan Primer 2 (by Lama Wangdan)
  • 1902 - Ratanautta
  • 1903 - Notes on Ratnavali
  • 1904 - Buddha-dev (Bengali)
  • 1905 - Grimm's Phonetic Law of Indo-European Languages
  • 1908 - Bauddha Stotra Sangraha
  • 1908 - Sragdhara Stotra of Sarvajna Mitra
  • 1909 - Parikshamukha Sutra: A Digambara Jain work on Logic of Manikya Nandi
  • 1909 - History of Medieval School of Indian Logic
  • 1911 - Amarakosa Sanskrit with Tibetan Version Fasc 1
  • 1912 - Amarakosa Sanskrit with Tibetan Version Fasc 2
  • 1912 - Amaratika Kamadhenu
  • 1913 - Avadana Kalpalata
  • 1913 - The Nyaya Sutra of Gotama
  • 1917 - A Bilingual Index of Nyaya Bindu
  • 1922 - A History fo Indian Logic

Reference

A History Of Indian Logic by Vidyabhusana, Satish Chandra - Foreword by Asutosh Mookerjee

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