Friday, March 11, 2016

Migration of Brahmins as per Lunsadi Plates of Siladitya II in 670AD


Migration of Brahmins as per Lunsadi Plates of Siladitya II in 670AD
In this article I will talk about the Migration of Brahmins as per Lunsadi Plates of Siladitya II in 670AD.

The Maitraka dynasty ruled Gujarat in western India from c. 475 to 767. The Maitrakas ruled from their capital at Vallabhi. They came under the rule of Harsha in the mid-7th century, but retained local autonomy, and regained their independence after Harsha's death. The name Maitraka is said to derive from Mithra, the Sun or Sun deity, also a synonym of Mihira.

Shiladitya II was a devotee of Shiva (Maheshvara). He issued the Lunsadi Grants from Kheda / Kaira district of Gujarat, according to which two Brahmin brothers were given lands in Saurashtra.

They were Brahmanas Bhatti (Sanskrit: भट्टि , Bengali : ভট্টি) and Ishvara (Sanskrit: ईश्वर , Bengali : ঈশ্বর), sons of Brahmin Dhanapati (Sanskrit: धनपति , Bengali : ধনপতি), coming from Diu (Dvipa) and were of the Chaturvidya community. They belonged to the Daundavya Gotra and adhered to the Shukla Yajur Veda school (Vajasaneya). They were given the following lands in the village of Desenaka at the mouth of Madhumati river near modern day Sathra in Gujarat:
a. a pond
b. three separate piece of cultivated lands

Their neighbors were Brahmins Bava, skanda and Ishvara.

Migration of Brahmins as per Lunsadi Plates of Siladitya II in 670AD - Map

Thus in 670 CE, Brahmanas Bhatti and Ishvara, migrated from the island of Diu to mainland Gujarat,

What else was happening in the decade of 670 CE ?
  • The Chalukyas of Badami, under Vikramaditya I saw their kingdom continue to control most of the Deccan.
  • After the reign of Harsha, Adityasena of the Later Guptas, was the first person to establish an all northern-India empire, with Magadh at its center. His rule extended over UP, South Bihar, Chota Nagpur Plateau, northern, western and Central Bengal
  • Maitraka Dynasty - Was ruling over parts of Gujarat and Western Madhya Pradesh.
  • Willibrord (658 - 739) a Christain missionary was busy spreading Christianity to Netherlands. 
  • Islam has now spread to cover Persian Gulf/ Arabian Peninsula and parts of North Africa.
  • Zoroastrian Iran is conquered and converted to Islam. Decline of Zoroastrianism starts.
  • Empress Wu Zetian (624 - 705) of China was undertaking a major expansion of the Chinese empire deep into Central Asia, and engaging in a series of wars on the Korean peninsula.
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Reference
  • Epigraphia Indica Vol IV, Pg 90 onwards
  • Ancient Indian History and Civilization, Sailendra Nath Sen, Pg 248
  • Dynastic History of Magadha, Cir. 450-1200 A.D., By Bindeshwari Prasad Sinh, Pg 160
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