Friday, February 26, 2016

Migration of Brahmins as per Nogawa Plates of Dharasena II in 640 AD

Migration of Brahmins as per Nogawa Plates of Dharasena II in 640 AD

In this post I will talk about the migration of Brahmins as per Nogawa Plates of 640 AD of Dhruvasena II Baladitya of the Maitrakas of Vallabhi who was a contemporary of Gurjara Dadda II who ruled in the Broach or Bharuch region of Gujarat.

As per the Nogawa Plates of 640 AD, Dhruvasena II Baladitya handed over a hundred bhukti of land on the eastern boundary of a village Navagramaka in Western Malwa (western Madhya Pradesh) to two Brahmins.
  • Sangaravi (Sanskrit: संगरवि , Bengali: সংগরবি ), son of Maheshvara (Sanskrit: महेश्वर , Bengali: মহেশ্বর ) of Jambusara near Bharuch who was a Chaturvedi (knower of 4 Vedas) and was of Kaushika Gotra. He belonged to the Vajasaneya Vedic school.
  • Agnisvamin (Sanskrit: अग्निस्वामिन् , Bengali: অগ্নিস্বামিন্ ), son of Kumarasvamin (Sanskrit: कुमारस्वामिन् , Bengali: কুমারস্বামিন্ ) of Udumbaragahvara who was a Chaturvedi (knower of 4 Vedas) and was of Parashara Gotra. He belonged to the Vajasaneya Vedic school.
As per another set of Nogawa Plates issued in the same year 640 AD, Dhruvasena II Baladitya granted land to two Brahmin brothers in Westen Malwa (Madhya Pradesh). 
  • Brahmin Dattasvamin (Sanskrit: दत्तस्वामिन् , Bengali: দত্তস্বামিন্ ), son of Budhasvamin (Sanskrit: बुधस्वामिन् , Bengali: বুধস্বামিন্  ) belonged to the Parashara Gotra and followed the Madhyandina Vajasaneya school. He was a Trivedin (knower of 3 Vedas)
  • Brahman Kumarasvamin (Sanskrit: कुमारस्वामिन् , Bengali: কুমারস্বামিন্ ), son of Budhasvamin (Sanskrit: बुधस्वामिन् , Bengali: বুধস্বামিন্ ) belonged to the Parashara Gotra and followed the Vajasaneya school. He was a Chaturvedin (knower of 4 Vedas)
Both of them came from Udumaragahvara. Udumbaragahvara has been variously identified as a place near Jalandhar in Punjab, some place to the north-west of river Ravi and northern/ central Gujarat.

Migration of Brahmins as per Nogawa Plates of Dharasena II in 640 AD - Map

Thus in 640 AD, Gujrati Brahmin Samgaravi and Punjabi Brahmins Agnisvamin, Dattasvamin and Kumarasvamin migrated from their native places to Mandsaur Western Madhya Pardesh.

What else was happening in the decade of 640 CE in India ?
Migration of Brahmins as per Nogawa Plates of Dharasena II in 640 AD - India Geography Harsha Pulakeshin II

What else was happening in the decade of 640 CE globally ?
  • Islam has now spread to cover Persian Gulf/ Arabian Peninsula and parts of North Africa.
  • Zoroastrian Iran is conquered and converted to Islam. Decline of Zoroastrianism starts.
  • Empress Wu Zetian (624 - 705) of China was undertaking a major expansion of the Chinese empire deep into Central Asia, and engaging in a series of wars on the Korean peninsula.
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Reference
  • Migrant Brahmanas in Norther India, Swati Datta, Motilala Banarasidass, 1989
  • Brahmin Image: Image Source - www.drikpanchang.com
  • Epigraphia Indica Vol III, Pg 188 onwards
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