Monday, February 29, 2016

Gadadhara

Gadadhara (Sanskrit: गदाधर , Bengali: গদাধর ) was a Brahmin (Brahmana) who lived around 967 CE in Tada Village, near Dinajpur Area of North Bengal (northern part of democratic secular West Bengal and Islamic Bangladesh).

In 967 CE, Gadadhara migrated1 from Tada village in Northern Bengal to Kolagallu in Bellary district in eastern Karnataka.  This is recorded in the Kolagallu Inscription of Khottiga dated 967 AD,  issued by Khottiga Amoghavarsha (967–972 AD) who was a ruler of the Rashtrakuta Empire.

Gadadhara installed the idol of god Skanda-Karttikeya in Kolagallu. He has been described as a good ascetic (su-tapasvin) belonging to the Sandilya Gotra. He was born in Tada-grama, used to sit only on an iron seat (loh-asanin) and was known as the crest-jewel of Gauda country and the illuminator of the Varendri country.2

लोहासनी च सांडिलस्यसुतपस्वी गदाधरः ।
द्विजजनाश्रयो विद्वान गौडचूडमणिर्गुणी ॥
स्वर्गवासनिमित्तार्थ तदाग्रामोद्भवेन् तु ।
स्थापितो दिव्यमन्त्रेण वरेंद्युद्योतकारिणा ॥

লোহাসনী চ সাংডিলস্যসুতপস্বী গদাধরঃ |
দ্বিজজনাশ্রয়ো বিদ্বান গৌডচূডমণির্গুণী ||
স্বর্গবাসনিমিত্তার্থ তদাগ্রামোদ্ভবেন তু |
স্থাপিতো দিব্যমন্ত্রেণ বরেংদ্যুদ্যোতকারিণা ||

Contemporaries

960 CE - Bhattaputra Madhusudana / भट्टपुत्र मधुसूदन / ভট্টপুত্র মধুসূদন

Reference

(1) Migrant Brahmanas in Northern India, Swati Datta, Motilala Banarasidass, 1989
(2) Studies in the Geography of Ancient and Medieval India. By D.C. Sircar, Chapter XXIII, Tarkari, Sravasti andDhaka

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