Friday, February 19, 2016

Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia of 780 AD

Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia of 780 AD

In this article I will talk about the life of the great Tantrik Sadhak Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia (Kambuja), who migrated from India to Cambodia in 780 CE on the request of the Hindu King of Cambodia, Jayavarman II.

Jayavarman II (Khmer: ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី២) (c. 770–835) was a 9th-century king of Cambodia, widely recognized as the founder of the Khmer Empire, which ruled much of the Southeast Asian mainland for more than six hundred years. The most valuable inscription concerning Jayavarman II is the one dated in 1052 AD, two centuries after his death, and found at the Sdok Kok Thom temple in present-day Thailand. 

Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia of 780 AD - Sdok-Kok-Thom
Sdok-Kok-Thom / Image Courtesy: Photoshelter
The inscription from the Sdok Kak Thom temple says that a Brahman named Hiranyadama (Sanskrit: हिरण्यदाम , Bengali: হিরণ্যদাম ) , proficient in the lore of magic power, came from Janapada in response to His Majesty’s having invited him to perform a sublime rite which would release Kambujadesa [the kingdom] from being any longer subject to Java. The text recounts that at Mahendraparvata, Jayavarman II took part in a ritual by the Brahman Hiranyadama, and his chief priest Lord Sivakaivalya, known as devaraja (Khmer: ទេវរាជា) which placed him as a chakravartin, Lord of the Universe.

Migration of Brahmin Hiranyadama from India to Cambodia in 780 AD

  • At that time there came a Brahmana (Brahmin) named Hiranyadama from janapada (India), a savant versed in siddhi vidyA. 
  • He was invited by his highness, Parameshvara (Jayavarman II), in order to conduct a ceremony (vidhi) which should prevent this land of Kambuja from ever being dependent on Java, and to bring about instead that there should be only one single "Lord of the Lower Earth" who would be Chakravartin ("Universal Lord"). 
  • This Brahmin conducted the ceremony in accordance with the Vinashikha. 
  • He consecrated the Lord of the World, who is king (Devaraja).
  • Hiranyadama taught the Tantras - holy vinashika, Nayottara, Sammoha and Shirshacheda, all of which he recited from beginning to end, in order to have them written down to teach them to the Royal Priest Shivakaivalya.
  • Hiranyadama gave instructions to Shivakaivalya so that the latter could perform the ritual in the presence of the King.
  • Sivakaivalya and his family were ordained as Royal Priests.

Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia of 780 AD - Map

What else was happening in India in 775 AD?

  • Islam is now 150 years old. Entire middle-east and parts of north Africa is under Islamic domination.
  • Afghanistan is under Islamic rule expect for eastern Afghanistan which is still under Hindu-Buddhist rule of Kabul Shahis.
  • Sindh and Multan are under Arab Muslim rule. The seeds of Islamic terror-state Pakistan have been sown.
  • Gurjara Pratihara Empire (Hindi: गुर्जर प्रतिहार) is on its way to rule much of Northern India. As per Dr. R. C. Majumdar , "the Gurjara Pratihara Empire which continued in full glory for nearly a century, was the last great empire in Northern India before the Muslim conquest." 
  • Pala Dyansty had commenced its reign in north-eatsren Indian sub-continent.
  • South India is now under Rashtrakuta rule

What was the gloabl scene  in 775 AD?

  • Harun al-Rashid (766 to 809), the fifth Abbasid Caliph, is meanwhile translating Sanskrit Hindu works and, and claiming it to be Islamic science.
  • Egbert the Saxon (771 to 839) is about to be proclaimed "Bretwalda" - sole ruler of Britain.
  • Charlemagne (745 to 814) is busy  uniting most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and is laying the foundations for modern France and Germany.  From 800 he becomes the first Holy Roman Emperor — the first recognized emperor in Western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier.

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Thanks for your time. Hope you enjoyed reading the life of Brahmin Hiranyadama of Cambodia of 780 AD. Please feel free to leave your comments and do share this post with those who might find it useful.

1 comment:

  1. Wow! Thank you for the comparative timeline of contemporary rulers. It is very helpful.