Thursday, September 27, 2012

Investigation of Brahmins of Bengal in post-Gupta Period using Epigraphic Evidence

Post Gupta Period (~525 C.E to 700 C.E)

Faridpur copper-plate of the reign of Dharmaditya,dated in the year 3 (discovered in 1892)
Records gift of some lanld situated in dhruvilATi to a Brahmin named chandrasvAmin of the bharadvAja gotra belonging to the vAjasaneya School by sAdhanika vAtbhoga.

Undated Faridpur copper-plate of the reign of Dharmaditya
Records gift of some land to a Brahmin named somasvAmin of the lauhittya gotra, belonging to the vAjasaneya School, by vAsudevasvAmin.

mallAsarul copper-plate of the reign of Gopa chandra dated in the year 3
Records plurchase of land by vijaysena and gift to vatsasvAmin of the Rigvedic School, enablilng him to conduct the five daily sacrifices.

Faridpur copper-plate of the reign of Gopachandra dated in the Year 18
Records purchase of land by vatsapAlasvamin and gift to bhaTTa gomidattasvAmin for the increase or the merits of the former's parents and himself.

ghugrahATi copper-plate of the reign of samAchAradeva dated in the year 14
Records transfer of some land to the Brahmin supratikasvAmin.

vappaghoshavATa (or Mallia) copper-plate of the reign of Jayanaga
Records gift of the village vappaghoshavATa to a sAmavedin Brahmin named brahmavIrasvAmI.

From the 6 copper plates decribed above we observe the following:
a. Brahmins in Bengal (West Bengal and Islamic Bangladesh) during the later Gupta period (500 to 700 C.E) continued to be venerated and respected in the same way as during the Gupta period and as discussed previously
b. They belonged to the following vedic schools:
 - sAma veda
 - shukla yajur veda vAjasAneyi
 - rig veda
c. Rites were typcially pa~nchamahAyaGYa (five great sacrifices)

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