Thursday, May 3, 2012

Gotra, Veda and Vedic Shakhas of Bengali Brahmins

In this post I will talk about Gotra, Veda and Vedic Shakhas of Bengali Brahmins.

Today the most common Bengali Brahmin gotras, not  necessarily in order of their frequency, are:
  1. Bhardvaja like Mukherjees / Mukhopadhyay
  2. Shandilya like Banerjees / Bandhopadhyay, Lahiri, Bagchi
  3. Kashyapa like Chaterjees / Chattopadhyay, Maitra
  4. Savarna like Ganguly/ Gangopadhyay
  5. Vatsa like Ghoshal, Sanyal
Bengali Brahmin Gotras from Archaeological Sources

Historically the other attested gotra from archaeological sources are:
  1. the Lauhitya gotra (Faridpur copper plate, 517 C.E).
  2. parAshara gotra of vAjasaneya shukla yajur veda as per the Bangarh plate of Mahipala I (995–1043 C.E)
  3. kautsa gotra of kauthuma shAkhA sAma veda as per the Manahali plate on Madan pala (1145 - 1167 C.E)
  4. kaushika gotra of yajur veda in the Amgachi plate of Vighrapala III (1058–1075); another one belonging to the Paippalada shAkhA of atharva veda as per the Madhainagara grant of Lakshmana Sena (1179–1206)
  5. gArgya gotra of ashvalAyana shAkha of Rig Veda as per Sunderban plate of Lakshmana Sena (1179 - 1206)
[Note: Points 2 to 5 are based on the footnote in "Early History of Bengal from Earliest Times" , Vol II, Social Conditions, Page 43]

Bengali Brahmin Gotras from Literary Sources

Additionally from literary sources we learn that Vasumitra Sunga (~128 B.C.E) had brought from southern India Brahmins of the following gotras to the greater Bengal region: Vatsa, Upamanyu, Kaundinya, Garga, Harita, Gautama, Shandilya, Bharadvaja, Kaushika, Kashyapa, Vashista, Savarna, Parashara and who all belonged to the Ashvalayan school of Rig Veda. The Sapta-Satis in Radha had at least seven gotras (shaunaka, gautama, kaunDanya, parAshara, vashiShTa, hArita, kautsa) and the sapta-satis in Varendra had five gotras. [From Nagendranath Basu, Banger Jatiya Itihash]. Other rare gotras include ghRRitakaushuika and AlamyAna as per K.P Bhattacharya in Radhiya kula-tattva.

Analysis of Bengali Brahmin Gotras, Veda and Shakha

Among existing Vedic shakhas (or whatever remains today because of effects of Islam and communism), Bengali Brahmins can be classified as:
  1. Rig Vedi of ashvalAyana shAkhA
  2. Yajur Vedic of Madhyandina Shakha of Shukla Yajur Veda (vAjasAneya)
  3. Sama Vedic of Kauthum Shakaha
Although there is no tradition of Atharva Veda extant today in Bengal region (West Bengal and Islamic Bangladesh), at one time there were Bengali Brahmins who belonged to the Paippalada shAkhA of atharva veda as shown above.

From copper grants and plate we see that most grants were given to shukla Yajur Vedic and Kauthuma Sama Vedic Brahmanas.

Again from the work of Sherring (1860) we get a mapping of gotras to Vedas, that is which Veda is typically followed by which gotras:
  1. Rig Veda - Bhargaus, Sankritas, Gargs (Chandras), Bhrigus and Saunaks
  2. Sama Veda - Kashyaps, Kaasyaps, Vatsas, Sandilyas and Dhananjyas
  3. Yajur - Bharadwajs, Angirahs, Gautams and Upamanyus
  4. Atharva - Kaushikas, Gritakaushikas, Mudhgalas, Galawas and Vashishts
  5. Remaining all others follow the Yajur.
And this data perfectly matches what we know of the extant schools (caveats apply).

If we now juxtapose the above data points, we arrive the following Vedic school to gotra mapping, that is, which surnames typically adhere to which schools:
  1. Sama Vedic - Chaterjee, Maitra, Ghoshal, Sanyal, Banerjee, Lahiri, Bagchi
  2. Yajur Vedic - Mukherjee
  3. Rig Vedic - Ganguly
It is no wonder then that sama Vedic school was so developed in Bengal. 

But again, this is something that needs to be verified. The best approach would be to interview a sample of 20 people per gotra  and see what they can say about their Vedic school and shakha, and then see if it matches with the conclusions above.

80 comments:

  1. As I mentioned in my previous comment:
    Paschatya Vaidika
    Sunak Gotra
    Sunak Pravara
    School: Rig Veda

    Let us see if you can a statistically significant sample and compile the results. Would be interesting !

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear Friend,

      Thank you for your encouragement and especially for the data point. Data collection is the biggest challenge as most Bengali Brahmins are unaware of their gotra, pravara etc.

      So far my database consists of 3 records (including yours and my own):
      Bhattacharyya - Sunaka / Shaunaka - Rig Veda
      Bhattacharya - Bharadvaja - Yajur Veda
      Mukhopadhyay - Bharadvaja - Yajur Veda

      Thank you once again for you assistance.

      Subhodeep Mukhopadhyay

      Delete
    2. YOU ASSUMED THAT SANAYALS ARE SAAMVEDIKS BUT I AM A SANYAL AND I AM A RIGVEDIK BRAHMIN.SO I THINK THAT YOU SHOULD NOT COME TO THIS CONCLUTION THAT ALL SANYALS ARE SAAVEDINS.I WANT TO KNOW MY SHAKHA.PLS HELP OR SUGGEST ME SOMETHING.

      Delete
  2. Tell me how could one find one's shakha,veda in case they are lost except except that Gotra(Kashyapa) is there.I mean they must be recorded in the kulaji like varendrakulapanji but where to find such books are they there in 'the asiatic society' or are they available in the market..I have heard there are pandas in gaya,bihar who act as family history record keepers.If u could shed light on this question too..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear Niladri,

      Thank you for your question.

      As far as I am aware, all Ganguly's / Gangopadhyay's belong to the Savarna gotra - they are the same as north Indian Bhargava brahmins (ie descendants of Rishi Bhrigu). So am not sure about Kashyapa gotra.

      Traditionally, Bengali Bhargava brahmins adhere to Rig Vedic school - till 50 years back there was only 1 shakha - the ashvalayana shakha (although South Indians claim that they follow a different shakha). Currently I doubt there are any pure Rig Vedin's in West Bengal (and definitely none in Islamic Bangladesh).

      Bengali Kashhyapas (the Chatterjees) are typically adherents of Kauthuma Shakaha of the Sama Veda.

      Again the entire mapping may vary from family to family - because many a times families follow the Vedic school of their kula-guru or kula-purohit.

      About how to find out one's shakha:
      a. As you said, one may be able to find some info from Gaya/ Benares (Varanasi) - but I have never explored that option.
      b. If you have an ancestral kula-porhit / kula-guru, it is likely that your family adheres to his veda/ shakha.
      c. Best option would be to listen to the mantras during Puja functions at your place (I refer to traditional Pujas) - there are certain mantras which can immediately give you clues as to your shakha
      - the svasti vachana mantra
      - sankalpa mantra
      - ghatsthapana mantra
      - if you have a saligrama stone (shalagrama shila) Vishnu installed at your place, then the first couplet of Purusha suktam is different for different schools

      Hope this helps !

      Thanks,
      Subhodeep Mukhopadhyay

      Delete
  3. I can add my data.....which is kind of an anomaly

    Mukhopadhyay - Bharadvaja - Sama Veda

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dear Anirban,

      Thank you for the data point. Appreciate the input !

      Although the above mapping holds true in most cases, we must remember that the entire mapping of surname-gotra-veda may vary from family to family - because many a times families simple followed/ adopted the Vedic school of their kula-guru or kula-purohit.

      Again, in non-Kulin Bengali Brahmin society (who were a majority), women were typically held in reasonably high esteem and they are the ones who usually carried the religious tradition forward in many cases. Thus a Banerjee (Sama Vedin) marrying into a Mukherjee household (Yajur Vedin) often introduced Sama Vedic elements to the Puja tradition. In some cases, the new tradition completely superceded the previous tradition.

      Hope this helps !

      Thanks,
      Subhodeep Mukhopadhyay

      Delete
    2. This is especially interesting, as usual your meticulous research is amazingly brilliant.
      I have also encountered a few cases of such anomaly in which Mukherjees claim to be belonging to the Sama Vedic Kauthumi Sakha.
      Can you name any nice, informative books on this subject? Especially one that gives an account of past instances of such anomalous changes in Vaidik shakha?

      Delete
  4. Thank you for this wonderful. I thought Hindusim have been wiped off the face of Ultra liberated Bengal. A point to note ..in no other major community of India Hinduism have suffered such poor set back as it has suffered in Bengal first Islam and finally 'Western' educated Ultra Secular liberals/communists. Its the only place in India where Brahmans have no respect for their ancestors culture and knowledge.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Nice post. My family is Varendra Brahmin. We use Roy as our last name, but our original surname is Sanyal. So we belong to Vatsa gotra. But we belong to the Rig Veda school. So this seems to be different from what you have stated. So are exceptions quite common?

    Thanks,

    ReplyDelete
  6. u have not told anything about rudraj brahmin. their gotra is shiv gotra. if u tell about them it will be good

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  7. My data:: Chakraborty-Savarna-Sama Veda. Whom I closely related?
    Thanks

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    Replies
    1. I am Chakrabarty- Gargya Gotra. What is my original surname ?

      Delete
    2. I am Chakraborty-Gargya gotra. What is my original surname ?

      Delete
  8. My genealogical data:: Chakraborty-Rarhi-Savarna-Sama Veda.Paternal Haplogroup:R-L657.According to a population geneticist I am a direct descendant of 'Legendry Arians'(south asian branch).In the perspective of traditional genealogy am I closely related to 'Gangulys' or am I a ganguly?.
    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  9. Your blog is simply brilliant.

    Btw, I wanted to mention two points here:

    1. We are Mukherjees but are Samavediya
    2. When you use 'Rigveda' as a single word, the spelling looks correct. But when you split it into two, it should be "Rik Veda" (You may relate that to "Vaak Devi" and "Vaagdevi")

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  10. Good! Apart from sakala, Krishna and Shukla yajurved, all other Veda shakhas are dying, and hopefully vanga will also make its contribution to Vedic recitation and ritual. The ashvalayana and paippalada are gone; kauthuma is alive and jaiminiya saman will get extinct. The shaunaka atharvaveda was saved at the last moment but in modern India we don't seem to care.

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  11. Traditional the Vedas are spoken as 'Trayi', the three fold knowledge because they deal with Jnana, Bhakti and Karma. The Rigveda underlines the path of Jnana or knowledge, the Yajurveda that of Karma or action and the Samaveda that of Bhakti or devotion. Among the four Vedas, the Samaveda is regarded as the foremost. In the Bhagavadgata, Lord Krishna has declared "Among the Vedas I am Samaveda"- Vedanama Samavedosmi (Gita, 10.22). It is the Veda of devotion basically. Here Indra, Agni and Soma deities are mainly invoked and praised but most of the time these prayers seem to be the invocations for the Supreme Being. In the spiritual sense Soma represents All-pervading, Glorious Lord and Brahman, Who is attainable only through devotion and musical chanting. Thus major theme of the Samaveda can be regarded as worship and devotion (Upasana).

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for sharing this information.

      If you liked this post, you may also like reading my other website on unexplored aspects of Hinduism called www.mukhopadhyay.in and particularly the below post on Vedas.

      7 Amazing Facts about Hindu Philosophy
      5 Interesting Facts about Rig Veda
      5 Amazing Facts about Atharva Veda

      Regards,

      Delete
  12. A nice work. A nice piece of work. Actually I was looking for Upanishads of My own Shakha.Our traditional family surname is Bagchi and veda is Sama ved. My peternal aunt got married to Goswami, 1 of Adwatiacharya family clan of Cahitanya Vaishnava school. Her surname is Goswami, Gotra Bharadwaja, and Veda Rig. They are also from Barendra Brahmin Clan. Abhi Roy(Bagchi)

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  13. A nice work. I was looking for my shakha as well the Upanishads of this shakha. We are Traditionally Bagchi, Samveda. My paternal aunt got married to Goswami Bharadwaj Gotra, Rigveda. They are from Adwaita Acharyay family of Chaitanya Vaishnava school.so may be Bharadwaj is actually aRig veda gotr.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the information. Glad you shared the details.

      You may also enjoy reading about migration of Brahmins throughout the ages.

      Regards,

      Delete
  14. finally, I find a bengali man with spunks.. Salut.

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  15. we are Sanyal - - Rigvedi Brahmin - - vats gothriy, for your data purpose thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you very much!

      If you liked this you may also like to read about Bengali Brahmin Surnames. Your comments / observations will be much appreciated.

      Regards,

      Delete
  16. majumdar is brahmin surname due to one upon time they were landor of barendra bhumi exp pabna and majumdar is Barendra Srani Shyam Veda vatsa Gotra

    ReplyDelete
  17. majumdar is brahmin surname due to one upon time they were landor of barendra bhumi exp pabna and majumdar is Barendra Srani Shyam Veda vatsa Gotra

    ReplyDelete
  18. Sir,
    Please discuss about Debnath title caste people .....

    ReplyDelete
  19. I am Majumdar but my gotra is Shaborno and I belong to the clan of Gangulys......

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Debabrata MajumdarOctober 2, 2016 at 9:14 PM

      Me too. I am also Majumdar of savarna gotra.
      Originally parents from Dacca

      Delete
    2. Debabrata MajumdarOctober 2, 2016 at 9:15 PM

      How do I know if I am varendra or not

      Delete
  20. Hi,I am AnupShekhar Chakraborty vatsya gotra could you please enlighten me with possible vedic school that my family could trace. Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the comment. Vatsa Gotra generally follow Sama Veda school. If you are a Bengali from West Bengal/Bangladesh, then it will be Kauthama Shakaha (sub-school).

      Delete
    2. Namaste

      Though I am not a bengali brahmin but I am studying brahmin culture and tradition. I am a sarayupareen brahmin actually.

      As far as your vatsa gotra is concerned, your veda should be saamaveda, kauthumi shakha and Gobhila Sutra, Upaveda- Gandharva Veda, Shikha-Vaama (left), Pada-Vaama (left).
      Most importantly the details of your pravara (names of ur rishi) are-
      Bhaargava, Chyavana, Aapnavaan, Aurva and Jaamadagnya (Pancha Pravara).

      Since you have same pravara-rishis as of Sarvarni gotra (shoborno as u say in bangla), marriage between these two gotras is prohibited.

      As a brahmin, you should do Sandhyavandana thrice a day as per your Veda, shakha and sutra. You should chant 108 times gayatri mantra as per your veda.

      Regards

      Delete
    3. Namaste

      Though I am not a bengali brahmin, I think I can help you at your queries. I am a sarayupareen brahmin actually.

      Your veda and other derails should as follows-

      Veda- Saamaveda, Shakha- Kauthumi, Sutra- Gobhila, Upaveda- Gandharva Veda, Shikha- Vaama (left), Pada- vaama (left) and most importantly
      Pravara- Bhaargava, Chyavana, Aapnavaan, Aurva and Jaamadagnya (pancha pravara).

      Since your pravara (rishis of your gotra) are same as those of Saavarni gotra (shoboron as you say in bangla), marriage should not be done between these two gotras.

      As a brahmin, you should everyday perform Sandhyavanda (three times) as per your veda,shakha and sutra. You should chant Gayatri mantra 108 times or as per the time available with you in the accent correspinding to your shakha.

      Regards

      Delete
  21. Hi, My name is Shubhonkor Choudhury. My grand parents moved from Chittagong, Bangladesh to Agra many years ago. My father was about 4-5 years old that time. And unfortunately, my grand parents died soon, so my father doesn't remember much about them. All I got to know from him is that my gotra is 'Kashyap'. I've read that Kashyap gotra holders are Brahmins, but we don't practice any such thing. May be because we don't know if we are Brahmins or not. Is there any way to find out more about my lineage?

    Any help is appreciated. Thanks a lot.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for your comment. With regards to your specific question, I cannot help, since gotra is not caste specific.

      In other words, people of any caste can have the same gotra. For example using Kashyap Gotra
      a. For Brahmins, they are descendants of the Rishi Kashyap, his family or descendants of Kashyap's students
      b. For non-Brahmins, their purohits, teachers or guru, belonged to Kashyapa gotra

      Generally Municipal records are the only option, but since your ancestral home is Chittaging, it will be impossible to do so.

      Delete
  22. Hi, my name is Pravin Pandey, I am from Bhagalpur. My gotra is Savarna. My family worships Sokha Baba and we also worship Shiva. What could be my genealogy. Please suggest ways to find more about my lineage. Thanks & Regards

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the comment. The only sure way is to check in Varanasi/ Benares. If your ancestors went there earlier for religious purpose, records would have been made. Benares pandits have 100% information for many generations.

      Delete
  23. can anyone please help me to find my family origin? our surname is chakraborty, my great grand father lived in jhikhira village in howrah district,as per our family history,one of our ancestor came from allahabad to jhikhira,his surname was MALAVIYA..he got married to a bengali girl & for this reason he was expelled from MALAVIYA SAMAJ, the zamindar of jhikhira village give him ''RAJ-CHAKRABORTY'' surname....my grandmother said we are gauda-vedic brahmin,not rarhi or varendra..my question is what is the original gotra of ours?though we are writing ''shandilya''...but i have doubt about it,that malaviyas have shandilya gotra!!!! thanks in advance..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you for the comment. Malviya means those who are originally from Malwa region in Central India. Malviya Brahmins can have Sahndilya gotra. Please see details below.

      Rig Vedi Malviyas - Bharadwaj, Chaubey Parasara, Angiras Chaubey, Bhargava Chaubey and Dube
      Yajur Vedi Malviyas - Sandilya, Kasapa Chaubey, Tivari and Kauta Dube
      Samavedi - Vats, Vyas, Gautam, Lohita Tivari and Kaundinya

      Most likely your ancestor (or his guru's lineage) were Sama Vedins and hence Shandilya gotra is perfectly fine.

      Delete
    2. thank u...here one confusion raising...u have mentioned yajur vedi malaviyas are sandilya...but in last line also mentioned my ancestor were sama vedins...here is the confusion..

      Delete
    3. Shandilya Gotra's generally correspond to Sama Veda - but there are exceptions. A few Malviya Shandilya's also follow Yajur Veda, but mostly they are Sama Vedins.

      Plus more than 80% of Bengali Brahmins irrespective of where they came from, belong to Sama Veda school (Kauthuma Shakha).

      However these rules are not fixed - I am a Yajur Vedi, but if I receive Diksha and training from a Rig Vedi brahmin, I may change my Veda and become Rig Vedin. Or I may adopt my mother's side custom and change my Veda.

      Delete
    4. Sir my gotra is saukalina can u tell me about my lineage from vedas

      Delete
  24. our ancestor came from allahabad to jhikhira village of howrah district,his surname was MALAVIYA..he got married to a bengali girl,for this reason he was expelled from MALAVIYA SAMAJ..the zamindar of jhikhira gave him the surname ''raj-chakraborty'', presently we use chakraborty...my grandmother said we are gauda-vedic brahmin,not rarhi or varendra...we use the gotra ''shandilya''...my question is it originally the MALAVIYAS gotra? or we adopted the bengali one...my question is what is our original gotra?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Like I said earlier, Shandilya gotra seems more likely.

      Delete
    2. my this comment is just a technical error..sorry

      Delete
    3. Any one mam know the saukalina gotra lineage of kulin kayastha which rishi it has came

      Delete
    4. Any one mam know the saukalina gotra lineage of kulin kayastha which rishi it has came

      Delete
  25. Sir,I am a Chakraborty,we follow Sama Veda and I came to know that our Gotra is Paiyatamashi,could you please throw some light on this as there is no information available about this anywhere and is this same as having a Shandilya Gotra?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This is very interesting. I will look into this and get back to you. In the mean time, could you provide the Bengali or Sanskrit spelling of your gotra? Thanks!

      Delete
    2. Sir u are thakurmusai brahmin can u please tell me about saukalina rishi lineage my surname is ghosh I am kulin kayastha can u give me any infirmatation about saukalina rishi

      Delete
    3. As per Shastras, सौकालिन-गोत्रस्य सौकालिनाङ्गिरसबार्हस्पत्याप्सार-नैध्रुवाः | Saukalin Gotra is a non-Brahmin gotra belonging to the lineage of Angiras and Brihaspati.

      Delete
  26. Sir dear brahmins my gotra is saukalina can u tell me about this rishi lineage

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  27. Sir can u tell us lineage of saukalina gotra

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Saukalin Gotra is a non-Brahmin gotra belonging to the lineage of Angiras and Brihaspati.

      Delete
  28. Sir can u tell us lineage of saukalina gotra

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. As per Uttar-Radhiya Kayastha Kula-Panjika:

      King Aditya Sura of Radha had brought to his court five Kayasthas from Kolancha in the month of Phalguna of the year 804 of the Saka Era ( 882 A. D. ). Their names were Anadivara Simha, Soma Ghosha, Purusottama Dasa, Deva Datta and Sudarsana Mitra and their respective gotras were Vatsya, Saukalina, Maudgalya, Kasyapa and Visvamitra.

      Soma Ghosha of Saukalina Gotra:
      Soma Ghosha who come to Radha was born in the family of Suryapada of Ayodhya. His son was called Aravinda. He also had two grandsons.

      Saukalin Gotra:
      As per Shastras, सौकालिन-गोत्रस्य सौकालिनाङ्गिरसबार्हस्पत्याप्सार-नैध्रुवाः | Saukalin Gotra is a non-Brahmin gotra belonging to the lineage of Angiras and Brihaspati.

      Delete
  29. Dear friends, can you through some light on Alamyanah and alambayana gotra, Pravara.- Vasishta Got some information from nagar Brahmin history.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Bhattacharya. Paschatya Vaidik.
    Ghritakoushik gotra.
    Yajur Veda. Kanva Shakhi.

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  31. Source needed, Chakraborty Parashar gotra Yajur Veda

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  32. Sir I am Suman Chowdhury. I know from some elders my family that Chowdhury belongs to rarhi class of bramhin.As far I have known from elders of my family that the title Chowdhury belongs to vatsa gotro.please tell me in which group Chowdhury belongs?

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  33. is Mukherjee always be Bharadwaj gotra??

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  34. I want to know about kanyayano gotra of bengali brahmin

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  35. Debabrata MajumdarOctober 4, 2016 at 2:43 AM

    Dear Subhodeep,

    My parents are from Dacca. I am a Majumdar and my gotra is Savarna. That makes me a Gangopadhyay.
    Am I a rarhi or Varendra? Also am I Rig vedic. Please help.

    ReplyDelete
  36. My Title is Roy Pratihar/Ray Pratihar Origin from Manik Bazar ( Sonamukhi ) Gotro Kashhyapa . Many family tradition belongs to Brahmin family's . Lots of similarity's are like Brahmin fimily's . How could i consider my family as brahmin or not

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. আপনি নিজের কাজটা ভালবেসে করে যান.বাকি সব time pass.

      Delete
    2. আপনি নিজের কাজটা ভালবেসে করে যান.বাকি সব time pass.

      Delete
  37. what is the level of ghoshal , among all the bramhins...?

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  38. We are Talapatra *Parabar * Yajurveda. I know Talapatra is not our original surname, it is just a title like Roy. Can you please assist me to find my root.

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  39. I am Talapatra * Parabar matro * Yajur veda. Can you please assist me to find my original surname. So far I know, Talapatra is our title, like Roy not the surname.

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  40. Banerjee, chatterjee, Mukherjee, Ganguly, Ghosal are Rarhi Brahmins. Sanyal Lahiri Bagchi are barendra Brahmins.

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  41. I don't think it's correct to draw conclusions about the Gotra of Bhattacharyas, since it's a titular grant. I am a Bhattacharya and I know for a fact that we are of Shandilya Gotra since we used to be Bannerjees earlier, similarly in my relative circle there are other Bhattacharyas as well with whom we were able to intermarry since they were of Savarna Gotra and used to be Gangulys earlier.Bannerjees are of the Sama Vedic school and as far as I know most of the Radh Shreni Brahmins like Bannerjees, Mukherjees, Chatterjees AND Gangulys are of the Sama Vedic school. In this blog it's been mentioned that Mukherjees are of Yajur Vedic school but my mother is Mukherjee and of Bharadwaja Gotra and are definitely of sama Vedic school. Lastly, amongst the Chatterjees there are two Gotras, for eg. my sister in law is Chatterjee but not of Kashyapa Gotra but Vatsa, on the other hand my maternal aunt who's married into a ghoti Chatterjee family is now of Kashyapa Gotra, Kashyapa being the predominant Gotra amongst Chatterjees.So I feel personally that the Gotras of the Bhattacharyas and also the Chakrabortys as well cannot be generalized and needs to be ascertained on an individual basis.

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  42. I am Bengali
    Kayshthya Das and Alliman Gotra can any body tell me what caste I am ST SC or OBC

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    1. Dear Sourav, What kind of nonsense question is that? What does reservation/ caste have to do with Gotra? Please get in touch with State Govt and Central Govt departments who handle such useless matters by publishing useless lists.

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  43. My surname is Debnath , am i included in brahmin.. .

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  44. Hi, my surname is Chatterjee, we are bengali brahmins, gotra: kashyap , veda: samveda, shakha: kuthumba. Our ishta devta is Adyashakti Devi Durga. But I dont know my Pravar and sutra. I am really ashamed of this. Can you help me , what is sutra and pravar of chatterjees? I was a young kid at the time of poita or brhomopdesh so cant remember the name of sutra assigned and pravar, and in sandhyavandan jap, we only take name and gotra so don't know pravar and sutra( which is not correct either as we should take name of pravar and sutra too). Can you please help you. I heard that all chatterjee in bengal are of common ancestor so can any chatterjee tell their sutra and pravar please. Also tell other details if possible like branch of sutra etc. Thanks in advance.

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