Tuesday, March 15, 2011

On Kulina system among Rāḍhi Brahmins - 02

As mentioned in previous posts:
1. during the reign of Khitīśūra [son of Bhūśūra], Rāḍhi Bengali Brahmins were classified into 56 groups based on the name of the village granted to them
2. subsequently, during the reign of Dharāśūra, the great grandson of Khitīśūra, Rāḍhi Brahmins were classified into two categories - Kulācala (22 villages) and sacchrotriya (satśrotriya) (34 villages).

Among the 22 Kulācala Rāḍhi villages, Vallāla sena of the Sena dynasty of Bengal (reign: 1158 - 1178 AD) initially classified 8 of them as mukhya kulin (Supreme) and the remaining 14 as gauna kulin.

Subsequently however along with his son lakShmaNa sena (reign: 1178 - 1206 AD), he performed a revaluation of the mukhya kaulinya status of the Brahmins of the 8 villages and selected a total of only 19 people from all these villages. This selection process was based on the presence of nine guNa's (qualities) in the Brahmins - AchAra, vinaya, vidyA, pratiShThA,tIrthadarshana, niShThA, AvRRitti, tapa, dAna

Brahmins who were endowed with all these 9 qualities were termed mukhya kulin and others gauna kulin. Among the mukhya kUlina were the following 19 individuals:

shAnDilya gotra
1. jAhalana, son of shakUni bandya
2. maheshwara, son of shakUni bandya
3. devala, son of dharmaMsha bandya
4. vamana, son of dharmaMsha bandya
5. makaranda, son of mahAdeva bandya
6. Ishana, son of vaidya bandya

kAshyapa gotra
1. bahUrupa chaTTo, son of shrIkara
2. shUcha chaTTo, son of loulika
3. aravinda chaTTo, son of loulika
4. halayUdha chaTTo,
5. bAngala chaTTo, son of shrIkanTha

vAtsya gotra
1. govardhana pUtitunda, son of utsAha
2. shIra ghOshAla, son of pingala ghOshAla
3. kAnu kAnjilAla
4. kUtUhala kAnjilAla

bharadvAja gotra
1. utsAha mukho, son of kOlahana
2. garuDa mukho, son of kOlahana

sAvarNa gotra
1. shishu gAngUli
2. rodhAkara kundalAla

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