Tuesday, March 22, 2011

On Kulina system among Rāḍhi Brahmins - 07

Significant events related to establishment of Kulinism among Rāḍhi Bengali Brahmins:

~785 C.E
During the reign of Khitīśūra [son of Bhūśūra ], Rāḍhi Bengali brahmins were classified into 56 groups based on the name of the village granted to them.

~848 C.E
During the reign of Dharāśūra, the great grandson of Khitīśūra, Rāḍhi brahmins were classified into two categories - kulācala (22 villages) and  sacchrotriya [satśrotriya] (34 villages).

~ 1170 C.E
During the reign of Vallāla sena (1158 to 1178 C.E), Rāḍhi kulācala brahmins were classified as mukhya kulin (19 people from 8 kulācala villages) and gauna kulin (some people from the remaining 14 kulācala villages).

~ 1195 C.E
During the reign of lakshmaNa sena, modifications (samIkaraNa) were made to mukhya and gauna kulin's.

~ 1250 C.E
Further modifications to kulina ranks took place during the reign of deva king danauja mAdhava - 4 equalization/ normalizations (samIkaraNa) took place.

~ 1275 C.E onwards
vaMsaja, as a separate class of Rāḍhi Bengali Brahmins evolved, consisting of those who had not followed the kUla rules and hence were considered degraded/ fallen. (patIta).

By 1200 C.E, Muslim/ Islamic warlords had started attacking and ravaging different parts of Bengal (West Bengal and Islamic Bangladesh), and this had a significant impact on the Hindu way of life in Bengal and especially the Bengali Brahmin way of life. Rāḍhi Brahmins started migrating to different parts of Bengal, to escape Muslim persecution and forced conversion to Islam, and this wrecked a havoc on the Brahmanical fabric in Bengal.

Subsequent to this, a new order and classification of Rāḍhi kulins emerged, courtesy devivara ghaTaka.

But more on that later.

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