Tuesday, March 15, 2011

On Kulina system among Rāḍhi Brahmins - 01

As per ancient genealogical texts, during the reign of Khitīśūra [son of Bhūśūra], Rāḍhi Bengali Brahmins were classified into 56 groups based on the name of the village granted to them (as mentioned in the previous post). Thus there were a total of 56 villages and all the resident Brahmins were known as śrotriya Brahmins.[śrotriya - learned in the वेद , conversant with sacred knowledge]

Much later during the reign of Dharāśūra, the great grandson of Khitīśūra, Rāḍhi Brahmins were classified into two categories - kulācala and sacchrotriya (satśrotriya).

Kulācala (22 villages)
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bandya, mukhati, chaTTa, kAnjIlAla, gAnguli, haDa, gaDagaDi, putitunda, ghOshAla, kundalAla, chatUrthI, rAyI, kesharakonI, dIrghAngI, pArihAla, kUlabhI, mahintya, guDa, pippli, dinDi, pItamUnDI

Sacchrotriya (34 villages)
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pAladhI, siddhala, kushaDi, kAnjADi, bApUli, mAschataka, sAhUDiyAna, bhUriShtAna, kUsUma, batabyala, ambalI, bOkaTTAla, ShirADI, porADI, tilADI, pouShalI, nandi, palashAyin, shimUlI, shimlAyin, sheu, kaDal, nAiyAnDi, ghoshAlI, bAli, basADI, pAli, jhikrAdi, hijjala, sAnte, mUlI, dAyI

As per this rule, the Kulācala Rāḍhi Brahmins were more respected than the Sacchrotriya Rāḍhi Brahmins. Relationship between the kulācala and Sacchrotriya's were quite cordial - although a kulācala daughter was not allowed to marry a Sacchrotriya as it would lead to kUlAkshaya (loss of kula).

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