Thursday, March 10, 2011

On Kolancha - 3

Different theories regarding location of Kolancha:
a. Some believe that Kolancha actually refers to Kanauj in Uttar Pradesh
b. Some believe that Kolancha actually refers to Kalinga (present day Odisha)
c. A few believe that Kolancha actually refers to Koolach village in Bogra district of Bangladesh

However, historians have till date not been able to conclusively conclude which modern-day place Kolancha refers to.

In this regard, the Dharmapala copper plates of Assam (1100 to 1125 AD) might provide some sort of insight as to the possible location of Kolancha. It is mentioned in the plate that Krorancha village (kroDaMcha) is located in Shravasti (shrAvastI).

An important point to be noted is that this Shravasti is not the same as the Shravasti of Uttar Pradesh which was an anicent seat of Buddhism. The reasons being:
a. The Shravasti (of the Dharmapala copper plate) was a homeland of learned Brahmins and a seat of Hinduism and thus could not have been associted with Buddhism
b. Indrapala, an ancestor of Dharmapala granted land to a Brahmin named devadeva (son of vasudeva son of somadeva) of Boigrama village in Sravasti (as per Guwakuchi copper plate)
c. There is no reference to this Shravasti (as a seat of Hinduism and a homeland of learned Brahmin) prior to 7th century AD in any old Bengali texts, whereas the Shravasti of Uttar Pradesh (and an important Buddhist city) is an ancient place.

In fact based on different texts, some historians conclude that Shravasti /Savathi the homeland of learned Brahmins was actually a large administrative area with many villages. Various other texts including Buddhist texts, gayADatungadeva's tAlacharalipi, vinItatungadeva's tAlacharalipi, mahAshivagupta's patna-shAsana, mahAbhavagupta's katakashAsana etc allude to different villages in Sravasti /Savatthi, as the home of learned Brahmins. Some of these villages referred to are - takarI, kAshili, mahubAligrAma, pAnIyaka etc.

From all this some historians also conclude that not only was Kolancha (and it's containing land Sravasti) not Kanauj, it was in fact, an area within greater Bengal and that Kolancha actually refers to village Culach / Koolach in present day Bogra district of Bangladesh. This is based on the premise that similarities have been found between many of the village names (in Sravasti region) mentioned in ancient texts to actual villages which are mostly in present day Bangladesh and a few in West Bengal.

This post concludes the research on Kolancha - the place from which the ancestors of modern day rADhi and vArendra Bengali brahmins migrated to Gauda (Bengal).

1 comment:

  1. yes,i too believe that kolancha is the koolach village of bangladesh.There are quite a few reasons for me to believe so.According to history,the famous jain monk and Chandragupta Maurya and Kautilya's spiritual guru Acharya Bhadrababu was a bengali brahmin born in punvardhana which is very near to kolach village.This testifies the presence of learned brahmins in the kolach region from an ancient time.And i must say that research is brilliant to say the least.