Sunday, March 13, 2011

On the identity of the sAgnika paMchabrAhmana (5 Brahmins)

As per older genealogists like harimishrA, eDumishrA, devivara, mahesha etc, King Adisura (AdIshUra) of Pancha Gauda, brought 5 sagnika brahmins (sAgnika paMchabrAhmana) from Kolancha (kolAmcha). These 5 Brahmins were

1. kshitisha
2. medhAtithi
3. vItarAga
4. sudhAnidhi
5. soubhari

As per vAchaspati mishrA's treatise on Radhi genealogy, the 5 Brahmins who came to Gauda from Kolancha were
1. bhattanArAyaNa of shAndilya gotra
2. daksha of kAshyapa gotra
3. harsha of bhardavAja gotra
4. chAndaDa of vAtsya gotra
5. vedagarbha of sAvarna gotra

As per vArendra genealogical texts, the 5 Brahmins who came from Kolancha to Gauda were,
parAshara of Savarna Gotra from Madra village,
gautama of Bharadwaj from Ourambar village,
suSheNa of Kashyapa gotra from Kolancha village,
dharAdhara of Vatsya gotra from Tadhita village,
nArAyaNa of Shandilya gotra from Jambuchattar village

Below is what harimishrA has to say about the genealogy of the 5 Brahmins:

Of shAndilya gotra: kalivyAsa --> vAmadeva --> rAmadeva --> kshitisha (who came to Gauda) --> dAmodara, shourI, visheshwara, shankara, bhattanArAyaNa

Of kAshyapa gotra: krShNamishrA --> tamistra --> omkAra --> swarna -- > jaya --> vItarAga (who came to Gauda) --> daksha, suSena, bhAnumishrA, kripAmidhi

Of vAtsya gotra: sudhAnidhi --> chAndaDa, dharAdhara

Of sAvarna gotra: soubhari --> vedagarbha, ratnagarbha, parAshara, maheshwara

Of bharadvAja gotra: medhAtithI bhatta --> shrIharsha

In kularamA it is metnioned that:
shrIharsha of bharadvAja gotra was a highly esteemed Brahmin. His siblings were gautama, shrIdhara, krShNa, shiva, durgA, ravi, shashI.

Some historians conclude from all this that:
a. the 5 Brahmins (mentioned differently in rADhi and vArendra genealogical texts) who were supposed to have been the first few Brahmins to come to Gauda, were, in fact, not the first entrants, but rather were the descendants of the first set of Brahmin people to come to Gauda (Bengal)

b. in 732 AD (during the reign of yashovarmanadeva of Kanauj), Hindu King Jayanta of Gauda (Bengal) brought kshitish, medhAtithi, vItarAga, sudhAnidhi and soubhari to Bengal. Subsequently when Jayanta became the ruler of Pancha Gauda and assumed the title of Adisura (AdIshUra) , he also brought the families of the above 5 Brahmins to Bengal

c. rADhi and vArendra brahmins originate from the same common ancestor

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